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Glossary

  • Diet: it is the guideline that a person follows (continues) in the habitual consumption of food.
  • Eating Habits: feeding pattern that a person follows (continues) dialy, including food preferences, family and cultural influence.
  • Obesity: it is the disease in which the natural reservations (reserves) of energy increase up to a point where it is associated with certain conditions of health or an increase of the mortality.
  • Anxiety: distress that it (he,she) is in the habit of accompanying on many diseases
  • Stress: tension provoked by oppressive situations that originate psycosomatic reactions or psychological disorders.
  • Treatment: set of means that are used to recover or to relieve a disease.
  • Surgery: part (report) of the medicine that has for object treat the diseases by means of the operation.
  • Nutrition: biological process in which the organisms (organisations) assimilate the food and the liquids necessary for the functioning, growth and maintenance of his (her,your) vital functions.
  • Feed: any solid or liquid substance normally consumed by the human beings with nutritional or psychological ends(purposes).
  • Body Mass Index  (BMI): it is a measure of association between(among) the weight and the height of an individual, and the factor is in use for determining obesity.
  • Factor of risk: circumstance or situation that increases the probabilities of a person of contracting a certain disease.
  • Healthy Food: food ingestion with the purpose of obtaining of them the nutrients that the body needs to preserve the health.
  • Physical Exercise: physical activity that is orientated to the achievement of an aim(lens) that can perform recreative character, health or sports.
  • Goal: end (purpose) or aim (lens) of one or several actions (shares).
  • Vitamins: nutrients that act like catalizadoras of all the physiological processes.
  • Nutrient: any element or chemical compound necessary for the metabolism of an alive(vivacious) being.
  • Intragastric Balloon: it is a globe of silicona softly and expansible that gets in the stomach across the mouth, without surgery, with sedation.
  • Stomach: reservorio temporary of the nourishing swallowed skittle until one proceeds to his (her,your) intestinal traffic, once mixed well in the stomach.
  • Diabetes: organic, multisystemic and chronic syndrome that is characterized by an increase of the levels of glucose in the blood.
  • Hypertension: asymtomatic disease characterized by an increase of the arterial pressure in blood.
  • Overweight: excessive accumulation of fat in the body.
  • Pre-Surgical: period previous to a surgical intervention, in which the organism is conditioned for it.
  • Electrocardiogram: graph in which there are registered the electrical currents stimulated by the heart.
  • X-rays: photographic procedure by means of X-rays.
  • Endoscopy: visual exploration of conducts or internal cavities of the organism by means of a camera.
  • Sedation: condition (state) of calmness or easing carried out with tranquilizing medicaments.
  • Nausea: physical discomfort that demonstrates with desires to be sick.
  • Vomiting: to throw violently for the mouth the contained in the stomach.
  • Gastric Ulcer: injury that destroys the mucous one of the stomach.
  • Hotburn: sensation of heat or burning in the stomach and esophagus.
  • Hiatos Hernia: displacement or partial or total exit of the mucous one of the stomach out of his (her,your) natural cavity, towards the thorax.
  • Laparoscopia: examination of the abdominal cavity by means of a chamber(camera) that interferes across a small orifice.
  • Anesthesia: general or partial privation of the sensibility, with or without loss of conscience, by means of the administration of medicaments
  • Restriction: limitation imposed in the supply of products of consumption.
  • Reversible: that can return to his(her,your) condition(state) or previous condition.
  • Permanent: that remains or lasts in the time.
  • Benefits: well that is done or is received, usefulness(utility), profit.
  • Vital Risk: hurt (damage) or danger against the life.
  • Liquid Diet: nourishing regime(diet) based on broths and drinks.
  • Colecistectomy: surgical extirpation(removal) of the biliary bladder.
  • Bariatric Surgery: surgery of the obesity.
  • Calories: measure of the energetic content of the food.
  • Disease: alteration of the health.
  • Diarrhea: frequent depositions of liquid consistency.
  • Appetite: you win of eating.
  • Satiety: fill, excessive satisfaction of a desire or need.
  • Digestion: process that transforms the food into simpler and assimilable substances for the organism(organisation).
  • Tumor: swelling or bundle that is formed(trained) abnormally somewhere of the body.
  • Diagnosis: identification of the nature of a disease and his(her,your) qualification by means of the observation of his(her,your) signs and typical symptoms.
  • Endoscope: generic name of the device destined for the exploration of internal cavities of the organism(organisation).
  • Indigestion: disorder that suffers the organism(organisation) for not having digested well the food.
  • Anemia: disorder that is characterized by the decrease of red blood cells in the blood.
  • Pain: distressing sensation of a part of the body.
  • Cancer: malignant tumor originated by the abnormal and uncontrolled development of certain cells that invade and destroy the organic fabrics.
  • Polyp: tumor that is formed(trained) in mucous some and that subjects itself to them by means of a peduncle.
  • Laxative: medicine that serves for the evacuation of the bowels.